12. Januar 2023, 12 Uhr (CET) Marion Ouma(Uppsala University, Nordic Africa Institute) Different ground: Digital technologies in Agriculture in rural Kenya
2. Februar 2023, 14 Uhr (CET), online & in Präsenz Caitlin Ryan(Groningen University) Women’s land tenure security: Imaginaries of land rights and materialities of agrarian economies
9. Februar 2023, 14 Uhr (CET), online & in Präsenz Iva Peša(Groningen University) Resource extraction, rural trajectories and responses to environmental change: Johannesburg, the Zambian Copperbelt and the Niger Delta compared
16. Februar 2023, 14 Uhr (CET) William Moseley (Macalaster College) Decolonizing African agriculture: food security, agroecology, and the need for radical transformation
2. März 2023, 12 Uhr (CET) Catherine Boone (London School of Economics and Political Science) Territorial Rule and Regionalization of Politics in Postcolonial Africa
Teilprojekt B11 (2022-25): SFB 1342, Universität Bremen
Deep and prolonged recessions put modern societies under immense pressure: such economic crises have the potential to make millions jobless, to produce mass poverty and thus to shake the foundations of social peace.
Consequently, economic depressions have provoked wide-ranging reactions in the field of social policy, destroying established institutions and at the same time opening up new and audacious paths for social policy development. The CRC 1342 workshop "Economic Crises and Social Policy in the Twentieth Century" sets out to explore the repercussions of economic crises on social policy from a trans- and cross-national and historical perspective.
The workshop will focus on the two most important worldwide recession phases of the twentieth century: the Great Depression of the late 1920s and 1930s and the crisis-ridden period spanning from the oil price shock of the early 1970s to the Asian financial crisis and the economic turmoil in Latin America at the end of the millennium. This allows us to examine how economic crises triggered social policy changes and how these fit into a larger context of state activities concerned with citizens’ welfare. We focus on policy shifts and long-lasting institutional breaks as well as the development of discourses and ideas and the emergence of discrete historical actors – collective and individual – who left their imprint on social policy development. The geographical scope is global and deliberately trans-cends the borders of the OECD.
"Economic Crises and Social Policy in the Twentieth Century" will take place as a hybrid event from the 1st to 2nd December 2022 in Bremen. However, we would prefer to meet in person with as many participants as possible and will cover all travel and accommodation costs. The event will start and finish around lunchtime and include presentations and panel discussions. We intend to publish the results of the workshop.
If you would like to attend the conference, please contact Claire Rostalski (Email: firstname.lastname@example.org) to receive an invitation.
Organised by Prof. Dr. Delia González de Reufels and Prof. Dr. Cornelius Torp.
Members of the University of Bremen and BIGSSS at Jacobs University are cordially invited to the Oral Defense of Martín Cortina Escudero's PhD Thesis "Diverging Paths of Social Policy Development in Latin America States: A Case Study on Argentina and Mexico from the Colonial Times to the Early Post-World-War-II Period".
This defense will take place in hybrid mode, to receive the link please contact Martín directly (email@example.com).
Von PISA werden die allermeisten schon einmal im Zusammenhang mit Schule gehört haben. Die dahinterstehende internationale Organisation, die OECD, wird vermutlich weitaus weniger Menschen ein Begriff sein. Dennoch hat diese Organisation maßgeblich weltweite Reformtrends in der Bildungspolitik geprägt. Gerade wenn man sich die teilweise umfassenden Bildungsreformen in manchen Ländern vor Augen führt, wird deutlich, dass bildungspolitische Entwicklungen zunehmend im globalen Kontext gesehen werden müssen. Kurz gesagt: Globalisierung ist nicht nur wirtschaftliche Vernetzung, sondern erfasst auch zunehmend Bereiche, die traditionell als Kernaufgabe von Nationalstaaten gesehen werden. In unserem Vortrag möchten wir nachzeichnen, wie und warum sich im Laufe der letzten Jahrzehnte politische Entscheidungen in nahezu allen Bildungsbereichen auf die internationale Ebene verlagert haben. Dabei schauen wir uns zunächst an, warum Staaten diese Prozesse gebilligt und sogar selbst angestoßen haben. Danach beleuchten und hinterfragen wir die Rolle internationaler Organisationen, denn letztendlich wird durch die beschriebenen Internationalisierungsprozesse ein bestimmtes Bildungsmodell (zumindest implizit) transportiert. Ferner thematisieren wir die konkreten Auswirkungen in Deutschland und anderen Ländern und Regionen, die eine ‚entgrenzte‘ Bildungspolitik mit sich bringt. Hier interessiert uns unter anderem, welchen Einfluss eine internationale Bildungspolitik auf Lernende, auf Lehrende, und auf politische EntscheidungsträgerInnen haben kann.
The goal of the CRC 1342 “Global Dynamics of Social Policy” is to analyze, understand and explain the spread of social policies since 1880 globally. For this, social scientists collect and process heterogenous data ranging from tabular data to interviews with policy makers, mainly macro-comparative statistical data and (historical) text data though. Despite an established RDM in quantitative survey research, data sharing practices in the social sciences – and comparative welfare state research in particular – are just evolving.
In the first funding phase, WeSIS – the Welfare State Information System – was designed in co-creation with and for the social scientists keeping the FAIR principles in mind. Achieving a mutual understanding among social and computer scientists led to a harmonization both in terms of the data itself, the documentation and storage and availability of the data that was and still is missing in welfare state research. Turning into a dedicated Infrastructure Project, the focus in the second phase shifts to extending WeSIS’ functionalities while implementing a “three pillar” strategy along the entire data life cycle that takes all projects on board – regardless of their fit to WeSIS. In this talk, we will focus on the challenges and solutions around building WeSIS and how this shaped the “three pillar” RDM strategy of the second phase.
WHEN AND WHERE?
The lunch-and-learn event will take place in hybrid form from 12-12:30 pm at MZH and via Zoom. There will be a 20-minute keynote presentation followed by an opportunity for questions and discussion. On site, we have planned an extra half hour (i.e. until 1pm) for personal exchange on the talk, general data science aspects or our services.
About the topic: The liberal political culture of social policy in the U.S. has long limited public finance of long-term care to individuals with very low income and assets. A series of changes in the labor market, family structure, and population age structure, along with the failure of private long-term care insurance to extend coverage to the middle class, have ushered in a shift in long-term care finance policy toward a much stronger public role. Washington State's new social long-term care insurance program, the WA Cares Fund, is the leading example of this trend. It was enacted in 2019 and reformed in 2021 and 2022 and begins collecting premiums in 2023 and paying benefits in 2026. The state is also developing a supplemental private insurance market that should be able to offer supplemental coverage to the middle class at a more affordable price point than hitherto. This presentation will discuss what led to enactment of the WA Cares Fund, provide an overview of the policy design, including the supplemental private market, and share early learnings.
About the speaker: Benjamin W. Veghte is Director of the WA Cares Fund, the first U.S. universal long-term care insurance program in Washington State. He is also an MIT CoLab Mel King Community Fellow, a member of the Care Guild, a group of 125 innovators redesigning care for the 21st century, and an expert on German and OECD social policy. His work focuses on developing policies that improve the economic security of workers and help them balance the responsibilities of work and family caregiving. Veghte studied the history of European social policy during his Ph.D. studies at the University of Chicago. While doing his field work in Germany he took a position at the University of Bremen, where he taught comparative social policy until 2008. In 2008/9 he earned a Mid-Career MPA at the Harvard Kennedy School of Government.
This workshop brings together the country experts involved in the creation of the Migrant Social Protection (MigSP) dataset. The dataset covers national policies regarding immigrants' access to social protection benefits in 39 countries from 1980 to 2018. It collects information on immigrants’ access to non-contributory social assistance and unemployment insurance, as well as requirements for family reunification and the impact of unemployment and benefit receipt on residence statuses. At the workshop, the final dataset and plans for a future extension will be presented. There will also be thematic inputs by country experts covering various topics such as immigrant welfare rights in traditional sending countries, welfare rights of humanitarian and irregular migrants, indirect restrictions of rights and immigrants’ rights in residual welfare states as well as the impact of COVID-19 on immigrant welfare rights.
This workshop is part of the Political Economy Workshop, orgainsed by Bastian Becker und Johanna Kuhlmann. Please get in touch with them to get access to the workshop and the readings circulated in advance.