Sommersemester 2024

Veranstaltungsort
Unicom-Gebäude
Raum: 7.1020
Mary-Somerville-Straße 7
28359 Bremen
Uhrzeit
12:00 - 14:00 Uhr
Veranstalter/in
Sonderforschungsbereich 1342 "Globale Entwicklungsdynamiken von Sozialpolitik", Universität Bremen
Ansprechpartner/in
Veranstaltungsreihe
Jour Fixe
Semester
SoSe 2024

Nationalism is often presented as a purely political or cultural ideology whose proponents are uninterested in the minutiae of economic policy. In this talk, Marvin Suesse shows that nationalists do in fact think about the economy, and that this thinking matters once they hold power. Drawing on case studies from the American Revolution to the rise of China, he explains the varieties of economic nationalism, elucidates their origins, and analyses their effect on the development of the global economy. At the root of economic nationalism's appeal is its ability to capitalise upon economic inequality, both domestic and international. These inequalities are reinforced by political factors such as empire building, ethnic conflicts, and financial crises. This has given rise to powerful nationalist movements that have decisively shaped the global exchange of goods, people, and capital.
 
Marvin Suesse is Assistant Professor of Economics at Trinity College Dublin in Ireland and Director of Research at the Centre for Economics, Policy and History (CEPH). His work focuses on international political economy. He has previously published on the relationship between globalization and state formation in twentieth-century Africa (2023), market integration and financialization in Imperial Germany (2020) and regional disintegration in the former Soviet Union (2018). His first book, "The Nationalist Dilemma" was published by Cambridge University Press in 2023. He holds a PhD in economic history from Humboldt University Berlin.
Veranstaltungsort
Unicom-Gebäude
Raum: 7.1020
Mary-Somerville-Straße 7
28359 Bremen
Uhrzeit
12:00 - 14:00 Uhr
Veranstalter/in
Sonderforschungsbereich 1342 "Globale Entwicklungsdynamiken von Sozialpolitik", Universität Bremen
Ansprechpartner/in
Veranstaltungsreihe
Jour Fixe
Semester
SoSe 2024

Accurately measuring public perceptions of economic phenomena is complicated, but doing so is important for responsive policy-making. Survey measurement difficulties are particularly pronounced when it comes to economic inequality, which is an abstract and mathematically demanding concept, but perceptions of which have the potential to directly affect the desirability of redistributive policies. In this paper, we compare different ways to ask questions about perceived inequality, characterizing the costs and benefits of different approaches. In particular, we ask whether relatively complicated survey items result in high rates of “satisficing” and/or high rates of non-response, with consequences for survey quality. In a survey fielded to representative samples in Switzerland, Germany, and France, we ask respondents about income inequality in two different ways. First, respondents estimate household incomes at specified percentiles of the income distribution. Later in the survey, they estimate the incomes that qualify a household as rich or poor, respectively. We anticipate that because the percentile questions are relatively abstract, respondents may rely on their prototypes of the rich and the poor when answering, leading to similar answers to the two sets of questions. We also anticipate that because the percentile questions are more mathematically involved, we may see systematic non-response patterns. The results show that in all three countries, the 90th percentile, the 99th percentile, and the rich are seen as significantly different from each other in terms of household income. At the same time, we find significant rates of non-response and uninformative responses in the percentile questions (but not the questions about the rich/poor). We conclude that even apparently low levels of mathematical complexity in question wording can lead to non-response patterns that affect the representativeness of survey samples.

Kris-Stella Trump is a political scientist at Johns Hopkins University. A scholar of public opinion and political psychology, she primarily studies perceptions of deservingness, attitudes toward income inequality, and the politics of distribution. Her regional focus lies in the United States and Western Europe. Kris-Stella joined Johns Hopkins from the University of Memphis, and prior to that, she served as program director at the Social Science Research Council. She holds a Ph.D. in political science from Harvard University. She is Estonian by origin, and also lived in Sweden and the United Kingdom before moving to the United States. You can find out more at: https://www.kstrump.com